How Long to Thaw a Turkey

How long does it take for a turkey to thaw? Here's how you can thaw a turkey in the refrigerator, in the sink and even in the microwave.

Every year, one thing sneaks up on me no matter how prepared I am for my holiday dinner: thawing that Thanksgiving turkey. I always forget how long it takes for the turkey to thaw, and there’s nothing worse than waking up Thanksgiving morning and discovering that your turkey is still frozen! The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has some pretty specific guidelines to safely thaw turkey. Follow along to learn them all for the best Thanksgiving yet.

Ran out of time to thaw? Don’t fret. You can cook a frozen turkey.

How to Thaw Turkey

First, How Long to Thaw Turkey

Figuring out how long you should thaw turkey can be a challenge. This chart covers how long you should defrost based on the size of your bird and the method you use.

Turkey Weight
Cold Water
4 lbs1 day2 hours
8 lbs2 days4 hours
12 lbs3 days6 hours
16 lbs4 days8 hours
20 lbs5 days10 hours
24 lbs6 days12 hours

Download Chart

No matter which method you choose, remember to thaw your turkey well in advance, so it cooks evenly. This is especially true for deep-fried turkeys!

How to Thaw Turkey in the Refrigerator

This is your best option. While it does take up a large amount of space in your fridge, it’s also the ideal way to keep your turkey at safe temperatures during the entire thawing process. In fact, it’s so safe, the USDA says you can re-freeze your turkey after defrosting it this way.

How long to thaw turkey in the refrigerator: Defrost the turkey for approximately 24 hours for every four pounds, so a 16-pound bird would take about four days.

How it works: Place your turkey (in its original packaging) in the refrigerator on a large platter to catch any drippings. If you don’t have a platter large enough, you can use a clean, unscented trash bag—just make sure it doesn’t have any holes in it.

When you should cook the turkey: Since this method safely thaws poultry, you can wait one to two days before cooking your turkey. Before you pop it in the oven, learn how to season turkey the right way.

How to Thaw Turkey in Cold Water

The cold water method is a bit quicker if you’re short on time. It takes as little as 30 minutes per pound. That means that 20-pound turkey will be ready to cook in ten hours instead of five days!

If you don’t have a few days, there is a shortcut (with a tiny caveat). In order to keep the turkey at a safe temperature, you’ll have to change out the water every 30 minutes.

How long to thaw turkey in cold water:  Defrost the turkey 30 minutes per pound. A 16-pound bird will take 8 hours to thaw.

How it works: Place the turkey (in its original packaging) in a leak-proof plastic bag. Submerge the wrapped turkey under cold water and change the water every 30 minutes for however long your turkey needs.

When you should cook the turkey: Cook the turkey immediately after thawing. Be sure to avoid these common turkey mistakes, too.

Turkey Thawing FAQ

Can I Thaw a Turkey in the Microwave?

Yes, but I’d really only recommend this method in extreme emergencies. That is, of course, assuming you can fit a turkey in your microwave! Ideally, you should follow your microwave’s instruction manual for the correct power level and timing. Can’t find your instruction manual? The USDA recommends thawing a turkey for 6 minutes per pound. They also recommend placing your turkey on a dish to catch any leftover turkey juices.

How long to thaw turkey in the microwave: The USDA recommends microwaving for about 6 minutes per pound. A 12-pound turkey would take about an hour and 12 minutes to thaw.

How it works: Unwrap the turkey from its original packaging and place it in the microwave.

When you should cook the turkey: This method may start to cook portions of the turkey as it thaws. Because of that, it’s extremely important to cook it immediately after thawing.

What About Thawing Turkey on the Countertop?

If you’re wondering why there isn’t a countertop method, that’s because it’s never safe to thaw a turkey at room temperature. These temperatures can cause bacteria to grow on poultry. No one wants to spend Black Friday with a foodborne illness, so just don’t do it.

How Can I Tell My Turkey is Thawed?

The easiest way to check if your turkey is done thawing is to reach inside the bird and feel to see if there’s any ice leftover inside. You can also poke it with a fork to see if it’s still hard and icy. If you can poke with ease, it’s time to cook the turkey.

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Lindsay D. Mattison
After years of working in professional kitchens, Lindsay traded her knives in for the pen. While she spends most of her time writing these days, she still exercises her culinary muscles on the regular, taking any opportunity to turn local, seasonal ingredients into beautiful meals for her family.
Christina Herbst
Christina is an Assistant Editor for Taste of Home, specializing in content creation and SEO optimization. She enjoys trying out local foodie restaurants and coffeehouses and adding copious amounts of garlic and cheese to any recipe she can get her hands on.